Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Elements, History, Treatment, and Research
Author: Leslie J. Shapiro, LICSW
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Course Created: 2023
Practice Level: Intermediate
Leslie J. Shapiro, LICSW
Leslie J. Shapiro, LICSW has been treating OCD and related disorders since 1989. She has been a staff behavior therapist at the OCD Institute, the flagship residential level of care for severe OCD, since its inception in 1997. Shapiro was awarded the first interdisciplinary career-development research grant at McLean Hospital to support her pilot project on conscience-related factors in OCD. She continues this research at the Office of Clinical Assessment and Research at the OCD Institute. Her other roles have included committee membership for Partners for Research Advancement in Nursing and Social Work at McLean Hospital, adjunct professor at the Boston University School of Social Work, and teaching, supervising, and training students and staff at the OCD Institute.
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Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a serious mental health disorder that can create a life of chaos in those struggling with obsessive thoughts and/or compulsive behaviors. Yet, it is treatable for those who seek and receive appropriate support. Mental health providers are integral in the treatment and recovery process for OCD as they can help patients recognize and understand their obsessions and/or compulsions, establish and deliver a treatment plan, and finally offer support through the process. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Elements, History, Treatments, and Research presents the information that clinicians need to diagnose, assess, and treat OCD. The purpose of this course is to prepare social workers, counselors, marriage and family therapists, and psychologists to identify the symptoms of OCD and use their understanding of the disorder, intervention approaches, and treatment options to support OCD patients cultivate and maintain a more stable and practical life.
This learning material provides information about OCD etiology and diagnostic criteria that clinicians can use in their work with patients striving to overcome their obsessions and compulsions. This learning material also helps providers understand the history, theories, and research of OCD, identify potential causes of and treatment barriers to the disorder, and recognize the effects of OCD in many facets of life. Upon completion of this course, providers will be able to assess OCD symptoms and establish treatment plans that best support their patients.
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- Describe the symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder.
- Differentiate between OCD and other related disorders that have obsessive and compulsive traits.
- Discuss the evolution of theories and research regarding OCD throughout history.
- Explain the neurobiological etiology of OCD.
- Discuss the role of neurobiological pathways, structure, and neurofunctions in OCD.
- Identify causes of OCD.
- Describe barriers that interfere with access to OCD services and effectiveness of OCD treatment.
- Recognize the direct and indirect socioeconomic costs of OCD.
- Identify psychological factors that may affect the OCD treatment process.
- Explain the different treatment options and intervention approaches for OCD.
- Describe adjunctive therapies and coping skills that enhance and augment OCD treatment.
- Differentiate excellence and perfectionism.
- Discuss how OCD can negatively affect work and educational settings.
- Identify behaviors characteristic of relationship OCD.
- Recognize family dynamics and accommodations that affect OCD treatment and recovery.
Diagnosis, Symptoms, Phenomenology, and Incidence
Obsessive Compulsive Related and Comorbid Disorders
Theory and Research
Development and Causes
Effects and Costs
Assessment and Treatment
Adjunctive Psychosocial Treatment and Coping Strategies
In Society—Up Close
At Work and School—Up Close
In Relationships—Up Close
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