Find Your Board CE Requirements & Accreditations:
Return to Course List

Refractory Mood And Psychosis

Author: Jassin M. Jouria, MD
(Click author's name for bio)

Course Created: 2016

Practice Level: Advanced

No book to buy Duration: 6 hours
4.7 out of 5.0, Based on: 4,792 reviews

Course Summary

There have been significant advances in the treatment and management of mental illnesses. New, more effective psychiatric medications are available. In spite of these advances, many patients and their families struggle with the realization that although these treatments are helpful they are not able to return the patient to a fully functioning life; their conditions are resistant to treatment and they continue to suffer for months or years while hoping for an appropriate treatment that will help their condition. This course discusses those particular situations whereby patients are diagnosed with mood or psychotic disorders and, despite attempts at managing their condition, are resistant to treatment.

Course Format

This course contains downloadable online lessons (PDF) and a practice test. When you're ready, purchase the course by clicking the "Add To Cart" button. This will let you take the test, complete the course evaluation and receive your certificate for CE credits.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the impact of refractory mental illness
  • Explain refractory mental disorders
  • Discuss treatment resistance in mood disorders
  • Explain when ECT is considered
  • Discuss Psychiatric Advance Directives

Course Syllabus

  1. Introduction
  2. Impact Of Refractory Mental Illness
  3. Defining Refractory Mental Disorders
  4. Refractory Mental Illness Risk Factors
  5. The Assessment Process
  6. Treatment And Review Of Outcomes
  7. Polypharmacy And Drug-Drug Interactions
  8. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
  9. Psychiatric Advance Directives (PAD)
  10. Summary

s:, provider #1115, is approved to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Organizations, not individual courses, are approved as ACE providers. State and provincial regulatory boards have the final authority to determine whether an individual course may be accepted for continuing education credit. maintains responsibility for this course. ASWB ACE Approval Period: 07/08/21-07/08/24.

We are committed to providing our learners with unbiased information. Ce4Less never accepts commercial support and our authors have no significant financial or other conflicts of interest pertaining to the material


Most of our courses will satisfy your CEU requirements. However, you can double check by selecting your State and profession at the top of the page.
You can download all the required materials above where it says "Preview the material"
No prerequisites are required for this course.
Yes. Once you read the material and pass your test, you can print your certificate right away from your "My Account" page.
You bet, you can download the course material to your computer. You can then print it off, transfer it to your tablet or whatever works for you. Most folks print of a copy of the test and circle the answers while reading through the material.

How it Works


1. Confirm Your


2. Read the

test time

3. Take the


4. Print Your